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Marta Diffen introduced our guest Dr. Don Frazier, of The Texas Center at Schreiner University.
Don Frazier, PhD
Our presenter will be Dr. Don Frazier, of The Texas Center at Schreiner University.
 Frazier is a graduate of The University of Texas at Arlington and Texas Christian University and is the award-winning author of five books on Texans in the Civil War including Blood and Treasure, Cottonclads, Fire in the Cane Field, Thunder Across the Swamp and Blood on the Bayou. His latest work, Tempest Over Texas, is released in May 2020. His other work includes serving as co-author of Frontier Texas, Historic Abilene and The Texas You Expect, as well as general editor of The U.S. and Mexico at War and a collection of letters published as Love and War: The Civil War Letter and Medicinal Book of Augustus V. Ball
One of the things the people in Europe were experiencing rulers telling them what to do. Not letting them practice their own religion.
from 1840 to 1860 over two million immigrants came to the US.
Uncle Sam's youngest son, Citizen Know Nothing
 A bust portrait of a young man representing the nativist ideal of the Know Nothing party. He wears a bold tie and a fedora-type hat tilted at a rakish angle. The portrait is framed by intricate carving and scrollwork surmounted by an eagle with a shield, and is draped by an American flag. Behind the eagle is a gleaming star. The flag hangs from a staff at left which has a liberty cap on its end. The Citizen Know
but trouble finds the peaceful folks in Texas
When Texas votes to succeed from the Union not all Texans were for it. A lot of counties were in the Hill /country

When the Confederates took over they sent Provo Marshalls into cities. The folks that did not want to join and fight with confederates were considered bad. Many younger men were told to head to Mexico until this was over.
check the links below and you can see the names of all the folks killed
Very interesting history of the German people that lived and died here in Hill country.
Several men went to San Antonio and Joined the Confederates to avoid being hunted down and killed.